(Dec. 15, 2009)--UTSA mechanical engineering students Luis Carlos Salinas, Chris Kite, William Dunne and Philip Haberle haven't begun their careers yet, but already they have collaborated with NASA to design a lunar utility cart. After building a prototype at a cost of slightly more than $500, the UTSA students were named the Texas Space Grant Consortium Design Challenge's fall 2009 Top Design Team.
"NASA plans to return to the moon in 2020, and the astronauts who make that journey will need novel equipment that is adapted to lunar conditions," said John Simonis, senior lecturer in the Department of Mechanical Engineering and one of the team's mentors. "The Texas Space Grant Consortium Design Challenge is one way engineering students can contribute to the development of NASA's new equipment solutions."
The lunar utility cart will allow astronauts to transport 500 earth pounds of cargo, experiments, geology samples and equipment on the rough terrain of the moon. Designed to withstand lunar temperature fluctuations, the cart also is collapsible for space launch and travel and easily operated by one crewmember.
The competition judges were particularly impressed with the cart's six-spoked wheel design. Based on the Mars exploration rovers, the wheels are wide enough to prevent the cart from bogging down in the soft dust on the moon's surface, and casters will allow the wheels to swivel 360 degrees. In the stowed position, the wheels lock.The self-named Team No Boundaries is composed of four aspiring engineers who designed the lunar utility cart during the two-semester planning and design course sequence required of UTSA mechanical engineering majors. During the first semester, the team worked through ideas about cart shapes and attributes. In the second semester, they refined the design and built a prototype. During the design process, the team worked with NASA fellow and ergonomics expert Robert Trevino.
"Not just anyone gets to work with someone from NASA," said team member Salinas. "He provided a lot of NASA resources that we could use for our project. He helped us visualize how objects on the lunar surface behaved. He provided us a Web site with a whole lot of information about designing devices for space applications."
Team member Kite added, "Dr. Trevino encouraged us to reach forward and design the cart with a caution for an astronaut's ergonomics while staying within the constraints that NASA required. It was his welcoming personality that allowed us to keep on rocking."
The team received tips from UTSA mechanical engineering professor Yesh Singh, who specializes in mechanism design, machine element design, finite element applications in mechanical design and the mechanics of solids.
"Dr. Singh advised us in his areas of expertise," said Salinas. "He knows how materials behave in certain conditions. He advised us on the stress situations that could happen on the lunar surface."
To earn $1,650 in scholarship and other monies, Team No Boundaries bested a group of formidable teams at the design challenge including teams representing Lamar University, Texas A&M University, Texas Tech University and University of Texas at Austin. The Top Design Team award winners will receive a trophy, currently en route from the United Space Alliance. The trophy depicts a space shuttle model with signatures of NASA shuttle astronauts.
"The overwhelming success of our two teams in this important statewide competition is another indicator of the high quality of the mechanical engineering program at UTSA," said Efstathios Michaelides, professor and chair of the Department of Mechanical Engineering. "Our students have shown that they can compete very well with the best out there and win similar awards."
A possible next step is to visit NASA for "rock yard" field testing.
"We foresee NASA probably using some of the features and ideas in the design," said Salinas. "Dr. Trevino has suggested we take the cart to NASA's rock yard, an artificial lunar surface. We've also given thought to modifying the design for commercial use and patent that design. We'll see what happens."
Cost of lunar utility cart
Wheels: $35.86 (not including machining cost)
The UTSA East Asia Institute hosts District 8 City Councilman Ron Nirenberg who will discuss his recent trip to China for the 8th annual Sister Cities International forum. He will discuss how these conversations help citizens connect in an increasingly global world to exchange ideas and tackle issues affecting all of us.
University Center, Denman Room (UC 2.01.28), Main Campus
Antonio Petrov, assistant professor in the UTSA College of Architecture, Construction and Planning, invites San Antonio to engage in dialogue to gather a broad understanding of Puro. he symposium, which includes UTSA masters students, will be led by community members who embody the term. It's free and open to the public.
Brick at Blue Star Arts Complex, Bldg. 108, 1414 S. Alamo St., San Antonio
Dr. Gaye Theresa Johnson, associate professor of Chicana and Chicano Studies, and African American Studies, at the University of California at Los Angeles is the guest speaker at this free, open event. Johnson is also the author of "Spaces of Conflict Sounds of Solidarity: Music, Race, and Spacial Entitlement in Los Angeles" and "Futures of Black Radicalism."
University Center, Denman Room (UC 02.01.28), Main Campus
The UTSA Consortium for Social Transformation; African American Studies Program presents guest speaker Dr. Gaye Theresa Johnson, associate professor of Chicana and Chicano Studies, and African American Studies, University of California at Los Angelesand author of "Spaces of Conflict Sounds of Solidarity: Music, Race, and Spacial Entitlement in Los Angeles" and "Futures of Black Radicalism." The event is free and open to the public.
University Center, Denman Room (UC 2.01.28), Main Campus
Grab your friends, family, kids and dog for this annual fun run on the UTSA Main Campus benefititng the UTSA Alumni Association.
Convocation Center, Main Campus
Join the Department of Interdisciplinary Learning and Teaching for the 13th annual Storytelling Festival. The festival will feature keynote speaker Carolina Quiroga-Stultz, a Colombian Storyteller and journalist. This event is free and open to the public.
Main Building, ground floor, Main Campus
The IDS Colloquium showcases the excellent scholarship done by the IDS students in the College of Education and Human Development at UTSA. In addition, this event also honors the legacy of Dr. Marian Martinello.
Business Building, University Room (BB 2.06.04), Main Campus
The Department of Biology and the Be the Match Team will collaborate to engage and educate our students in the importance of a life saving donation through peripheral blood stem cells and a marrow harvest.
UC Paseo and Central Plaza, Main Campus
The University of Texas at San Antonio is dedicated to the advancement of knowledge through research and discovery, teaching and learning, community engagement and public service. As an institution of access and excellence, UTSA embraces multicultural traditions and serves as a center for intellectual and creative resources as well as a catalyst for socioeconomic development and the commercialization of intellectual property - for Texas, the nation and the world.
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