(July 11, 2013) -- Smokers increasingly are turning to electronic cigarettes, or e-cigarettes, to soothe their nicotine cravings without the harmful side effects. But, how safe are they?
Scholars William Cooke and Donovan Fogt have received $30,000 in seed funding from UTSA to find out. The UTSA kinesiologists will team up with Assistant Professor Caroline Rickards at the University of North Texas Health Science Center to gather baseline data about the effects of e-cigarettes on the body's basic physiological health.
For six years, e-cigarettes have been aggressively marketed as an alternative for smokers who want to decrease their risk of the serious health problems associated with conventional cigarette smoking. Instead of inhaling a cigarette's nicotine and carbon monoxide, e-cigarette users inhale vaporized pure nicotine. But, very little research has been done about the effects of inhaling vaporized nicotine.
Over the next year, the researchers will study the effects that inhaling vaporized nicotine has on a person's heart rate, blood pressure, resting metabolic rate, physical work capacity and brain blood flow.
UTSA students pursuing kinesiology and health-related careers will conduct research alongside the scholars, giving them the opportunity to learn quantitative research methods in preparation for their careers in academia and health-related professions.
The scholars will work under the hypothesis that vaporized nicotine stimulates the human nervous system in ways that could seriously impact daily living. They believe that the inhalation of vaporized nicotine has the potential to increase a person's resting metabolism, making exercise problematic. They also believe it prevents the cardiovascular system from properly regulating arterial pressure and decreases the brain's ability to regulate blood flow.
"E-cigarettes are perceived as safer than actual smoking, and some people even perceive them to be an attractive weight-loss tool," said Fogt. "This study aims to quantify the metabolic consequences of inhaling vaporized nicotine."
Cooke added, "This study is an important first step to understanding the physiological complications and public health concerns surrounding the use of e-cigarettes. It will also give us a better understanding of the health effects of pure nicotine without the harmful poisons found in tobacco products on the autonomic nervous system."
If this study confirms the scholars' hypotheses, additional research will be needed to further understand the immediate effects of vaporized nicotine, the impact of dosage and age on an e-cigarette user's health and the long-term effects of e-cigarettes."
The UTSA Department of Health and Kinesiology serves more than 1,000 students in four undergraduate degree programs, a minor and a master's program. Its faculty specializes in community health, school health, nutrition, exercise physiology, exercise and sport psychology, pedagogy, adaptive/developmental physical education, biomechanics, motor learning and control, and evaluation and assessment. Research conducted in the department focuses on the prevention and treatment of risks for diseases and promotion of healthy growth and living across lifespan.
The Department of Biology and the Be the Match Team will collaborate to engage and educate our students in the importance of a life saving donation through peripheral blood stem cells and a marrow harvest.
UC Paseo and Central Plaza, Main Campus
UTSA welcomes the Italian-born duo Bandini-Chiacchiaretta. They've toured the world performing Argentine Tango music on guitar and bandoneon, the instrument of Astor Piazzolla. Tickets are $10 or free with UTSA Student I.D.
Arts Building, Recital Hall (ARTS 2.03.02), Main Campus
This an annual event is open to any student who wants to participate It includes a presentation about current events and issues involving East Asia. This event is meant to deepen understanding and to raise awareness of what is currently happening in East Asia.
Business Building, University Room (BB 2.06.04), Main Campus
Join the Women’s Studies Institute and Women’s Studies Program as we celebrate our fourteenth year of Women’s History Month at UTSA. During our program, we will award Olga Madrid as the 2017 Women’s Advocate of the Year.
H-E-B University Center, Travis Room (HUC 2.202), Main Campus
Solomon’s House, presented by Sara Cusimano Miles, explores the collections repository of the Anniston Museum of Natural History in Alabama. It's free and open to the public.
Arts Building (ARTS 3.01.18 B), Main Campus
Dr. Treva Lindsey is an associate professor at The Ohio State University. Dr. Lindsey’s area of expertise includes black feminist theory, women’s history, and popular culture. This lecture is free and open to the public.
H-E-B University Center Ballroom (HUC 1.106), Main Campus
Bruising for Besos is an art film and intimate character study of Yoli—a charismatic Xicana lesbian making familia in a queer/trans people of color scene in Los Angeles. This film contains content not suitable for people under 18.
H-E-B University Center Ballroom (HUC 1.106), Main Campus
The UTSA community is invited to participate in the 9th Annual Roadrunner Remembrance. Roadrunner Remembrance is a day of remembrance honoring members of our community (students, faculty, staff and alumni) who have passed away during the previous year.
University Center Retama Auditorium (UC 2.02.02), Main Campus
The University of Texas at San Antonio is dedicated to the advancement of knowledge through research and discovery, teaching and learning, community engagement and public service. As an institution of access and excellence, UTSA embraces multicultural traditions and serves as a center for intellectual and creative resources as well as a catalyst for socioeconomic development and the commercialization of intellectual property - for Texas, the nation and the world.
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