Tuesday, July 28, 2015

UTSA architecture researcher to evaluate energy efficiency of historic homes

William Dupont

William Dupont, FAIA

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(Aug. 18, 2014) -- A team of UTSA researchers has been awarded a nearly $40,000 grant from the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training (NCPTT), an office of the National Park Service (NPS) and U.S. Department of the Interior. The grant will fund a one-year study of the energy efficiency and cost effectiveness of radiant barrier retrofits of historic homes in hot, humid climates.

Radiant barriers are reflective thermal insulations commonly fitted into roofs or attics that reflect heat back, thereby reducing the amount of heat emitted in the direction of the homes. The researchers will study these retrofits in 10 case study homes. These homes will be of similar wood-frame construction, detached one-story structures of approximately 1,750 square feet built between 1900 and 1945 and located within an historic district.

This study will be one of the first academy investigations funded by a government organization to focus solely on energy efficiency retrofits in hot, humid climates, noted Principal Investigator William A. Dupont, FAIA.

"The existing research on energy-efficiency retrofits has mostly focused on northern climate zones, leaving a dearth of information applicable to historic homes in southern climate zones," said Dupont. "Better energy efficiency of older homes is necessary and achievable, but homeowners and contractors lack real data on the most cost-effective techniques, especially in hot and humid climates."

According to a 2011 U.S. Energy Information Administration report, buildings account for 41 percent of total U.S. energy consumption, and residential buildings account for 55 percent of that total. A recent survey by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development found that more than 41 million residential housing buildings were built before 1960. That means they are more than 50 years old and may hold historical significance.

"In San Antonio alone, the City's Office of Historic Preservation is currently estimating that there are 61,000 historic residential units within a 36-mile area," said Dupont. "That's roughly consistent with the national average. The problem is that these homeowners still do not have clear, accurate financial estimates on the cost-effectiveness of energy efficiency options. That means that most are either just wasting energy or spending money unnecessarily."

Through the use of energy-efficiency monitoring devices, researchers will be able to evaluate homeowners' energy expenditures throughout the year in comparison to similar homes not fitted with radiant barriers. The monitors also will isolate the energy efficiency impact of the radiant barrier versus other environmental factors such as lighting fixtures and the homeowners' existing behaviors.

At the end of the year, the researchers will have the data to evaluate the radiant barriers' effectiveness. The researchers will produce a detailed pamphlet aimed at educating the general public about energy efficiency retrofits.

Dupont is the San Antonio Conservation Society Endowed Professor of Architecture and director of the Center for Cultural Sustainability in the UTSA College of Architecture. His team includes UTSA researchers Hazem Rashed-Ali, associate professor of architecture; Suat Gunhan, assistant professor of construction science; and Randy Manteufel, P.E., associate professor of mechanical engineering in the UTSA College of Engineering. The team also will include UTSA historical preservation and architecture graduate students.

The UTSA Center for Cultural Sustainability in the UTSA College of Architecture provides academic research and services to benefit communities, completes large-scale research projects and educational opportunities for graduate students, and convenes leaders in the field for dialogue on global practices concerning sustainable development and construction.

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For more information, visit the UTSA Center for Cultural Sustainability or the UTSA College of Architecture websites.

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Did You Know?

Sometimes you have to see the little picture

UTSA researchers are exploring matter at the atomic level with Helenita. It's one of the most powerful microscopes in the world, with the ability to operate near the theoretical limit of resolution. At 9 feet, 2 inches tall and weighing more than two tons, Helenita can dissect almost anything. With Helenita's resolution, researchers can study particles atom by atom to see how they behave.

That's critical in developing nanotechnology that will help diagnosis early-stage breast cancer or make helmets that are uber strong. Moreover, the detail that Helenita provides will allow nanotechnology researchers to create new therapies and treatments to fight a wide range of human diseases.

Did you know? Helenita can magnify a sample 20 million times its size, which would make a strand of human hair the size of San Antonio.

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July 30, 5 - 7 p.m.

Networking and happy hour with AIA San Antonio's Women in Architecture

Join AIA San Antonio’s Women in Architecture group for their networking and happy hour event, where all design professionals are welcome.
Liberty Bar, 1111 S. Alamo St.

Aug. 1, 9 p.m.

"Inside Peace" documentary screening

This documentary, presented by the San Antonio Film Festival, documents the experience of re-entry after incarceration. The film features Michael Gilbert, associate professor in the department of criminal justice and director of the Office of Community and Restorative Justice program at UTSA.
Tobin Center for the Performing Arts, 100 Auditorium Circle

Aug. 4, 6 - 8 p.m.

Free Teacher Tuesday: Los Tejanos Workshop

Discover resources and strategies for teaching Tejano history and culture and get a special educator's tour of the new long-term exhibit, Los Tejanos.
Institute of Texan Cultures, 801 E. César E. Chávez Blvd.

Aug. 9, 12 - 5 p.m.

Vaquerocation 2015

This cowboy-themed programming, offered in conjunction with Our Kids Magazine's Kidcation Week, gives families the opportunity to visit with cowboy docents, enjoy readings and visit activity tables.
Institute of Texan Cultures, 801 E. Cesar E. Chavez Blvd.

Aug. 22, 6 p.m.

UTSA Alumni Gala

The UTSA Alumni Association hosts this annual gala honoring the Alumna of the Year, Alumnus of the Year and the Alumnus of the Year Lifetime Achievement award winners.
Hyatt Regency Hill Country Resort & Spa, 9800 Hyatt Resort Dr.


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