(Jan. 23, 2019) -- According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, over one-third of U.S. adults are obese. At the same time, obesity is the second leading cause of premature death in the North America and Europe.
A recent study by UTSA public policy professors Alexander Testa and Dylan Jackson assesses the link between food-related hardships and obesity. Using the data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) and Center for Disease Control’s (CDC) Modified Retail Food Environment Index (mRFEI)—a national sample that measures food deserts, their study is the first of its kind to assess the relationship between experiencing food insecurity and living in a food desert on obesity.
Food insecurity, by definition, is the inability to acquire adequate food due to a lack of resources. In 2016, an estimated 15.6 million households (12.3 percent) were food insecure. Food deserts are geographic areas where residents do not have access to supermarkets or grocery stores.
Using a national sample of adults across the United States, the UTSA researchers learned that individuals who are food insecure are at an increased risk of obesity. Study results also showed that the individuals who live in food desert are at an elevated risk for obesity. Together, these findings suggest that Americans who either do not have enough to eat or live in areas without access to stores that sell affordable nutritious foods are at greater risk for obesity.
Regarding the study results, Professor Testa stated, “Our study highlights the importance of adequate nutrition for health. Millions of Americans do not have enough food to eat and live in communities where affordable healthy food options are not available. To combat obesity, it is important to ensure that people have consistent access to nutritious food.”
When taking gender and race into account, the researchers observed that women are more likely to exhibit obesity as a result of food insecurity, compared to men. This may be because women are more likely to shield their children from food insecurity by reducing their own nutritional intake. Overall, Black and Hispanic households are at a higher risk for food insecurity in the United States.
“The lack of access to food can be a major stressor on individuals, and our study finds that experiencing food hardships is particularly consequential for the health of women” said Professor Jackson.
In the future, the authors plan to continue to research how difficulties obtaining nutritious food are related to health problems and explore which types of programs may be effective in improving nutrition and health in the United States.
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UTSA will offer science, engineering, architecture, sports, music, writing and language and culture camps for kids, teens and adults. Register now.Various locations, Main and Downtown Campuses
Future Roadrunners and families prepare for everything they need to know before the fall semester.Various locations, Main and Downtown Campuses
Willie Hale, UTSA assistant professor of psychology, will discuss how advances in statistical modeling can help us understand the ways in which a variety of risk and protective factors influence the onset, maintenance, and treatment of PTSD.Blue Star Contemporary, 116 Blue Star, San Antonio
Presented by Dr. Marcia Farr, Professor Emerita, The Ohio State University. Free and open to the public.Durango Building, El Mercado Room (DBB 1.208), Downtown Campue
Health Fair to focus on topics such as healthy living, college admissions, health screening, and sexual assault prevention.Bill Miller Plaza, Downtown Campus
Garvey, an interdisciplinary artist and educator showcases her work that she says acts as a kind of feminist temple. The gallery contains a number of altars, each one host to what historian Francis Connelly calls “Boundary Creatures,” grotesque monsters that roam the borderland of all that is familiar and conventional.Terminal 136, 136 Blue Star, San Antonio
The Summer Bridging Institute is a week-long institute that provides professional development workshops for current and future educators of all grade levels and all subjects.Durango Building first floor, Downtown Campus
Join Dr. Max Kilger for a fascinating look at the research illuminating the motivations behind malicious online actors, a key component to combating our nation’s digital national security issues.Geekdom Event Centre, 131 Soledad, San Antonio
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