Sunday, August 02, 2015

UTSA researchers explore criminal incidents and their outcomes

Marie Tillyer
Rob Tillyer

UTSA Assistant Professor Marie Tillyer and Associate Professor Rob Tillyer

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(Aug. 15, 2014) -- Assistant Professor Marie Tillyer and Associate Professor Rob Tillyer in the UTSA College of Public Policy Department of Criminal Justice are analyzing criminal incidents from across the United States to better understand the factors that affect the outcomes of various incidents of crime.

For the last several years, the Tillyers have analyzed thousands of crime reports using data from the National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS). This system contains detailed reports submitted by law enforcement agencies across the country. In 2011 alone, nearly 6,000 law enforcement agencies in 36 states submitted data to the NIBRS.

The Tillyers have so far examined factors that impact the degree of victim injury incurred during non-fatal violent crimes. They also have explored the likelihood of arrest and value of property stolen during a robbery for offenders who commit crimes with others, versus those who offend alone.

For each investigation, they examine situational factors including, for example, the number of people involved in the criminal incident, the victim-offender relationship, the type of location, the time of day and whether a weapon was used.

"The NIBRS data allows us to examine the extent to which situational factors influence how crime events unfold," said Marie Tillyer. "We largely approach our research from an opportunity perspective that highlights the importance of proximate factors in influencing not just the occurrence of crime, but the nature and severity of these incidents."

The Tillyers consider their ongoing research a holistic, detail-oriented approach to understanding crime events and their outcomes. Robert Tillyer noted that this is a variant on traditional criminal justice research methods for studying crime, which largely focus on crime counts and often do not take finer situational details into account.

"Situational and event-focused crime analysis is a fairly new approach to crime prevention research," he said. "Findings from this type of research can help inform prevention techniques and even policy that can have the potential to impact crime events and their outcomes."

The Tillyers hope that they can identify the situational factors that may affect how different violent crimes unfold. This research, they said, could assist in the crafting of preventive measures that can shape future criminal justice policy.

Marie Tillyer received her Ph.D. and master's degree in criminal justice from the University of Cincinnati; she earned her bachelor's in criminal justice from University of Dayton. Her research interests include victimization, violence, crime prevention and environmental criminology.

Rob Tillyer received his Ph.D. in criminal justice from the University of Cincinnati; he earned his master's and bachelor's of criminology from Simon Fraser University. He has published and presented extensively in the fields of criminal justice analysis and policy and the criminal justice system.

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For more information, visit the UTSA Department of Criminal Justice and UTSA College of Public Policy websites.

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Did You Know?

UTSA researcher is a star behind the cloud

A revolution in cloud computing is underway, and Ravi Sandhu believes it will be much bigger than the PC and Internet revolutions that have already changed the way we live. Sandhu, director of the UTSA Institute for Cyber Security, says UTSA is taking a leadership role in tackling three fundamental cloud technology problems: how to build and operate the cloud, how to use it profitably for diverse applications and how to keep it secure.

Sandhu, the Lutcher Brown Distinguished Chair in Cyber Security in the College of Sciences, and Ram Krishnan, assistant professor of electrical engineering in the UTSA College of Engineering, are funded by a $500,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to improve cloud security.

Did you know? Sandhu, a world-renowned cybersecurity expert, holds 30 patents, has authored more than 250 papers and been cited more than 30,000 times.

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Events
Aug. 1, 9 p.m.

"Inside Peace" documentary screening

This documentary, presented by the San Antonio Film Festival, documents the experience of re-entry after incarceration. The film features Michael Gilbert, associate professor in the department of criminal justice and director of the Office of Community and Restorative Justice program at UTSA.
Tobin Center for the Performing Arts, 100 Auditorium Circle

Aug. 4, 6 - 8 p.m.

Free Teacher Tuesday: Los Tejanos Workshop

Discover resources and strategies for teaching Tejano history and culture and get a special educator's tour of the new long-term exhibit, Los Tejanos.
Institute of Texan Cultures, 801 E. Cesar E. Chavez Blvd.

Aug. 6, 5 - 7 p,m,; 9 a.m. - 3:30 p.m.

6th Annual Texas Higher Education Symposium

This annual symposium is an opportunity to discuss Texas higher education issues and trends with Texas higher education scholars, state and local government officials, students, and campus and local community members.
Downtown Campus

Aug. 9, 12 - 5 p.m.

Vaquerocation 2015

This cowboy-themed programming, offered in conjunction with Our Kids Magazine's Kidcation Week, gives families the opportunity to visit with cowboy docents, enjoy readings and visit activity tables.
Institute of Texan Cultures, 801 E. Cesar E. Chavez Blvd.

Aug. 17, 11:30 p.m.

Midnight Light

Join President Ricardo Romo, The Spirit of San Antonio Marching Band, students, faculty and staff to light the monument at the Main Campus entrance at the stroke of midnight.
John Peace Boulevard Entrance, Main Campus

Aug. 18, 11 a.m. - 1 p.m.

President's BBQ on the Plaza

Join university President Ricardo Romo on the Bill Miller Plaza for his annual free BBQ lunch.
Bill Miller Plaza, Downtown Campus

Aug. 18, 5:30 p.m. - 7:30 p.m.

President's BBQ on the Lawn

Join university President Ricardo Romo on the Convocation Center lawn for his annual free BBQ lunch.
Convocation Center East Lawn, Main Campus

Aug. 22, 6 p.m.

UTSA Alumni Gala

The UTSA Alumni Association hosts this annual gala honoring the Alumna of the Year, Alumnus of the Year and the Alumnus of the Year Lifetime Achievement award winners.
Hyatt Regency Hill Country Resort & Spa, 9800 Hyatt Resort Dr.


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