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Biology (BIO) Course Descriptions

Department of Biology, College of Sciences


NOTE: All prerequisites for Biology (BIO) courses must be completed with a grade of “C-” or better.

BIO 1033  Drugs and Society [TCCN: PHED 1346.]
(3-0) 3 hours credit.
An examination of licit and illicit drugs and their biosocial effects. Topics include pharmacology of alcohol, stimulants, hallucinogens, addiction, and abuse. May be applied toward the Core Curriculum requirement in World Society and Issues.

BIO 1053  Introductory Microbiology [TCCN: BIOL 2320.]
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 1233 or BIO 1404.
A general study of microorganisms, their characteristics, isolation, growth, and importance in nature, industry, public health, and human disease. (Formerly AHS 1053. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 1053 and AHS 1053. BIO 1053 cannot substitute for BIO 3713.)

BIO 1061  Introductory Microbiology Laboratory [TCCN: BIOL 2120.]
(0-3) 1 hour credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1233 or BIO 1404, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 1053.
Course provides basic microbiology lab skills and procedures, with emphasis on the growth, identification, and control of microbes of concern to health-care professionals. Immunodeficient and pregnant students must contact the Coordinator, Microbiology Teaching Labs, for additional instructions prior to the class start date. (Formerly AHS 1061. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 1061 and AHS 1061. BIO 1061 cannot substitute for BIO 3722.)

BIO 1122  Laboratory Investigations in Biology [TCCN: BIOL 1106.]
(0-6) 2 hours credit. Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 1233 or BIO 1404.
Introduction to the tools, techniques, and topics of modern experimental biology. (Formerly BIO 1212. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 1122 and BIO 1212.)

BIO 1233  Contemporary Biology I [TCCN: BIOL 1308.]
(3-0) 3 hours credit.
This is the first course in a two-part introduction to the science of biology for non-majors. This course focuses on the chemical basis of life, principles of inheritance, principles of evolution and biodiversity. May be applied toward the Level I Core Curriculum requirement in science. May not be applied to a B.S. degree in Biology.

BIO 1243  Contemporary Biology II [TCCN: BIOL 1309.]
(3-0) 3 hours credit.
This is the second course in a two-part introduction to the science of biology for non-majors. This course focuses on evolution, animal and plant physiology, and ecology. May be applied toward the Level II Core Curriculum requirement in science. May not be applied to a B.S. degree in Biology.

BIO 1404 Biosciences I [TCCN: BIOL 1306.]
(4-0) 4 hours credit. Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in one of the following: STA 1053, MAT 1023, MAT 1033, MAT 1073, or higher.
This is the first course in a two-part introduction to the science of biology for students majoring in biology or interested in pre-health professions. Topics include biochemistry, cell biology, genetics and molecular biology. The course includes a mandatory one-hour recitation per week. May be applied toward the Level I Core Curriculum requirement in science. (Formerly BIO 1113 and BIO 1203. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 1404 and BIO 1113 or BIO 1203.)

BIO 1413  Biosciences II [TCCN: BIOL 1307.]
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 1404.
This is the second course in a two-part introduction to the science of biology for students majoring in biology or interested in pre-health professions. Topics include evolutionary biology, biotic diversity, plant structure and function, and ecology. May be applied toward the Level II Core Curriculum requirement in science. (Formerly BIO 1143 and BIO 1223. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 1413 and BIO 1143 or BIO 1223.)

BIO 1511  Biomedical Research as a Career
(1-0) 1 hour credit.
Intended for science majors of any discipline, this course is designed to introduce students to career options in the biosciences, particularly biomedical research. Students will explore the opportunities available in research and learn what they can do now to successfully launch a future career as a scientist.

BIO 1882  Introduction to Health Professions
(2-0) 2 hours credit.
This course is designed to provide an overview of careers in the health professions. Medical terminology, professional roles and concepts, career opportunities, and specialties within each profession will be discussed. (Formerly AHS 1883. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 1882 and AHS 1883.)

BIO 2003  Biology of Human Reproduction
(3-0) 3 hours credit.
An in-depth look at human reproductive anatomy, physiology, and behavior. Topics to be considered include anatomy, sex differentiation, neuroendocrine physiology, conception and development, birth control, and sexually transmitted diseases. (Formerly BIO 1023. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2003 and BIO 1023.)

BIO 2043  Nutrition [TCCN: BIOL 1322.]
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 1233 or BIO 1404.
In-depth study of nutrient classes in foods: their ingestion, digestion, absorption and utilization by the human body. Clinical consequences of nutrient deficiency or excess, and Medical Nutrition Therapy to complement management of disease. (Formerly AHS 2043. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2043 and AHS 2043.)

BIO 2083  Human Anatomy [TCCN: BIOL 2301.]
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 1233 or BIO 1404.
Systemic anatomy of the human organism. Includes cell biology, histology, and gross anatomy of major organ systems. (Formerly AHS 2083. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2083 and AHS 2083.)

BIO 2091  Human Anatomy Laboratory [TCCN: BIOL 2101.]
(0-3) 1 hour credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1233 or BIO 1404, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 2083.
The study of human anatomical systems using dissection of representative organisms. (Formerly AHS 2091. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2091 and AHS 2091.)

BIO 2103  Human Physiology [TCCN: BIOL 2302.]
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 1233 or BIO 1404.
Human physiological processes will be examined at the chemical, cellular, tissue and organ system levels. (Formerly AHS 2103. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2103 and AHS 2103. BIO 2103 cannot substitute for BIO 3413.)

BIO 2111  Human Physiology Laboratory [TCCN: BIOL 2102.]
(0-3) 1 hour credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1233 or BIO 1404, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 2103.
Lab based investigations of system physiological processes with emphasis on humans. (Formerly AHS 2111. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2111 and AHS 2111. BIO 2111 cannot substitute for BIO 3422.)

BIO 2313  Genetics [TCCN: BIOL 2316.]
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1413 and completion of or concurrent enrollment in CHE 1103 and one of the following: MAT 1193, MAT 1214, or STA 1053. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 2322 is recommended.
Principles governing transmission of hereditary factors in plants and animals, with emphasis on molecular, biochemical, and population genetics.

BIO 2322  Genetics Laboratory
(1-4) 2 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1122 and BIO 1413, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 2313, CHE 1103, and one of the following:  MAT 1193, MAT 1214, or STA 1053.
A practical introduction to genetic problem solving that focuses on experiments with model organisms using classic, biochemical and molecular biological techniques. This laboratory includes a lecture component.

BIO 3003  Introduction to Marine Ecology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1122 and BIO 1413.
An introduction to the physio-chemical factors that affect the biology and distribution of marine organisms.

BIO 3013  Introduction to Clinical Medicine and Pathology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 1404.
Introduction to concepts of human disease, diagnosis, and underlying pathology. (Formerly titled “Introductory Pathology.”)

BIO 3063  Invertebrate Biology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1122 and BIO 1413.
A comprehensive study of the invertebrates with emphasis on their diversity, morphology, ecology, and evolution.

BIO 3123  Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 1413. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 3132 is recommended.
A comparative analysis of developmental and adult anatomy of vertebrates (including human). Emphasis is placed on phylogenetic relationships between form, function and evolution. (Formerly BIO 2123. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2123 and BIO 3123.)

BIO 3132  Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy Laboratory
(0-6) 2 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1413 and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3123.
An introduction to the vertebrates. Five representative vertebrate dissections with emphasis on mammalian anatomy in comparison with other forms. The ethology and life cycles, significance in evolution, comparative morphology and taxonomy of the vertebrates are studied in the laboratory and zoological gardens. Local field trips. (Formerly BIO 2132. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 2132 and BIO 3132.)

BIO 3153  Physiology of Human Systems
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1122 and BIO 1404.
Comprehensive systemic study of the physiological functions of the adult human organism, including an introduction to the underlying etiologies and clinical indicators of molecular, cellular, and tissue bases for common organ system diseases in humans. Clinical applications pertain to integrated human systems physiology in health and disease and the utility of clinical indicators and research for understanding evidence-based medicine. (Formerly AHS 3463. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 3153 and AHS 3463. BIO 3153 cannot substitute for BIO 3413.)

BIO 3163  Histology and Cytology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 2313. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 3172 is recommended.
The cytological and histological aspects of cellular organization.

BIO 3172  Histology and Cytology Laboratory
(0-6) 2 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 2313 and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3163.
Microscopic study of tissues and organs. Basic techniques to prepare tissues will be studied.

BIO 3213  Animal Behavior
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 1413 or consent of instructor.
A detailed study of animal behaviors and their biological determinants.

BIO 3263  The Woody Plants
(2-3) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours.
A study of the woody plants emphasizing the characteristics of family, genus, and species. Includes identification of the common woody plants. Leaf, stem, and flower morphology, anatomy, and collecting techniques. Lecture, laboratory, and fieldwork will be included as part of the course.

BIO 3273  Biology of Flowering Plants
(2-3) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours.
A study of the wildflowers of Texas emphasizing identification of the more common wildflowers, as well as family characteristics, flower anatomy, plant morphology, and plant-collecting techniques will be included. Lecture, laboratory, and fieldwork will be included as part of the course.

BIO 3283  Principles of Ecology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 1413. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 3292 is recommended for biology majors.
A study of the interaction of organisms with their environment, with focus on ecological principles, adaptations of organisms, environmental pollution, and principles of conservation.

BIO 3292  Principles of Ecology Laboratory
(0-6) 2 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1413 and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3283.
A field-oriented course emphasizing modern ecological techniques, including examinations of plant and animal populations and measurement of selected chemical and physical parameters.

BIO 3323  Evolution
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 2313.
A discussion of theories and possible mechanisms for evolutionary changes at various levels of organization.

BIO 3333  Plants and Society
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 2313.
The importance of plants and plant-derived products to human health and well being through the provision of food, pharmaceuticals, and other important natural products. (Formerly BIO 2343. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 3333 and BIO 2343.)

BIO 3343  Plant Cell Biology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 2313.
A comprehensive study of the molecular structures and functions of plant cells and their integration into the whole plant system. (Formerly titled “Plant Sciences.”)

BIO 3413  Advanced Physiology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 2313, MAT 1193, and STA 1403; PHY 1603 or PHY 1943 is recommended. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 3422 is also recommended.
This course is designed to develop the skills and competencies needed by students to understand the dynamic physiological processes underlying the maintenance of homeostatic balance in animals. Topics to be covered include endocrine, neural, muscular, cardiopulmonary and renal physiology. (BIO 2103 or BIO 3153 cannot substitute for BIO 3413.)

BIO 3422  Advanced Physiology Laboratory
(0-6) 2 hours credit. Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3413.
Basic understanding of the physiological processes in living systems employing methods and instruments of biological research. (BIO 2111 cannot substitute for BIO 3422.)

BIO 3433  Neurobiology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3413. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 3442 is recommended.
Anatomy and physiology of nervous systems; the mechanisms of neuronal functions.

BIO 3442  Neurobiology Laboratory
(0-6) 2 hours credit. Prerequisite: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3433.
A laboratory course emphasizing principles presented in BIO 3433.

BIO 3513  Biochemistry
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: CHE 2603 and CHE 2612; BIO 2313 is recommended. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 3522 is recommended.
Introduction to biochemistry: amino acids, protein structure, enzymes, lipids, metabolism, nucleic acid structure, bioenergetics, and carbohydrates. (Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 3513 and CHE 4303.)

BIO 3522  Biochemistry Laboratory
(1-4) 2 hours credit. Prerequisites: CHE 2603 and CHE 2612, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3513.
Basic biochemical laboratory techniques: Protein assay, centrifugation, protein purification, chromatography, electrophoresis, western blotting, and enzyme kinetics. This laboratory includes a lecture component.

BIO 3613  The Biology of Aging
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 2313.
The biological principles of human life and health; changes that occur with aging and their implications for the lives of students and their families.

BIO 3623  Neuropsychopharmacology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1122 and BIO 1413; BIO 3433 is recommended.
A study of the pharmacology of drugs that affect the function of the central nervous system. Topics include drug-receptor interactions, drugs of abuse, and drugs used to treat mental illness.

BIO 3663  Human Embryology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 2313.
Development of the human embryo from fertilization to the birth of the fetus. The origin of various tissues and organs will be followed during development. Environmental and genetic factors that can alter development will be discussed.

BIO 3713  Microbiology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1122 and BIO 1413. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 2313 and BIO 3722 is recommended.
A comprehensive study of microorganisms, including their composition, morphology, growth, metabolism, classification, ecology, and significance in disease. (BIO 1053 cannot substitute for BIO 3713.)

BIO 3722  Microbiology Laboratory
(0-6) 2 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1122 and BIO 1413, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3713.
Basic microbiology techniques with emphasis on microscopy; cell staining and characterization; species isolation techniques; bacterial cultivation, nutrition, and physical requirements; and the physical and chemical control of microbes. Immunodeficient and pregnant students must contact the Coordinator, Microbiology Teaching Labs, for additional instructions prior to the class start date. (BIO 1061 cannot substitute for BIO 3722.)

BIO 3743  Bacteriology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 3713; BIO 3722 is recommended.
A study of the phylogeny of prokaryotes; structure and function of prokaryotic cells; ecology and physiological diversity of prokaryotes; growth and control of microorganisms; genetics of bacteria and bacteriophages; bacteria as agents of disease; antibacterials and other chemotherapeutics; human applications of microbiology, microbial genomics and principles of microbial biotechnology.

BIO 3813  Cell Biology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 2313; BIO 3513 is recommended. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 3822 is recommended.
A study of cellular molecules and metabolic processes; synthesis and regulation of macromolecules; differential gene expression; membranes and organelles; cytoskeleton; cell cycle and growth of normal and neoplastic cells.

BIO 3822  Cell Biology Laboratory
(1-4) 2 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 2313 and BIO 2322, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 3813.
A study of the microscopic, biochemical and molecular approaches used to investigate cellular structure and function, including the principles involved in the techniques, their practical application, and analysis of the data generated. This laboratory includes a lecture component.

BIO 3913  Molecular Biology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 2313.
A study of nucleotides, DNA, replication, recombination, RNA, transcription, genetic code, translation, genomes, and chromosomes.

BIO 3933  Principles of Cancer Biology
(3-0) hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 1413; BIO 3813 is recommended.
A study of the scientific evidence underlying principle concepts of cancer initiation, progression, and innovative treatments.

BIO 4033  Conservation Biology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 3283.
The class topics will include studying the nature of the biosphere, threats to its integrity, and ecologically sound responses to these threats. Also included will be the origin and preservation of biotic diversity, how the rich variety of plant and animal life around us arose, how it has been maintained by natural processes, and how we can prevent its destruction.

BIO 4043  Desert Biology
(2-3) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours, or consent of instructor.
A study of the deserts of the world with an emphasis on U.S. deserts. Adaptations of plants and animals and their responses to desert conditions, as well as examinations of desert climatic patterns, geology, and natural history. Lecture, laboratory, and fieldwork will be included.

BIO 4053  Wildlife Biology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 3283.
An introduction to wildlife biology and management including ecological principles dealing with ecosystems, natural communities, and populations. The importance of animal behavior, the availability of food, cover, wildlife diseases, predators, hunting, and trapping will be included. Field studies will allow students to observe and apply classroom topics.

BIO 4063  Ornithology
(2-3) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1122 and BIO 1404.
A course covering various aspects of the biology of birds, including anatomy, physiology, systematics, evolution, behavior, ecology, and biogeography. Field trips will be included.

BIO 4073  Law, Ethics, and the Life Sciences
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours.
Current societal issues which require an understanding of biology (e.g., stem cell research, assisted suicide, abortion, reproductive options, global warming, Intelligent Design, etc.) are considered.

BIO 4083  Entomology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 2313; BIO 3513 is recommended.
Insect taxonomy and systematics, evolution, anatomy, physiology, reproduction, development and ecology.

BIO 4143  Developmental Biology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 2313. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 4152 is recommended.
Overview of developmental biology focusing on the origins of classical concepts as well as modern molecular approaches. Emphasis will be placed on the mechanisms underlying developmental processes using both invertebrate and vertebrate examples. Subjects include axis formation, induction, morphogenesis, embryonic pattern formation, cell differentiation, and organogenesis. (Formerly BIO 3143. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4143 and BIO 3143.)

BIO 4152  Developmental Biology Laboratory
(0-6) 2 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 2313 and BIO 2322, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 4143.
Laboratory applications of concepts presented in BIO 4143. (Formerly BIO 3152. Credit cannot be earned for both BIO 4152 and BIO 3152.)

BIO 4233  Field Biology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours, or consent of instructor. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 4241 is recommended.
A study of the natural history of plants and animals in their native environment. Techniques for the identification of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, insects, and the dominant flowering plants will be discussed.

BIO 4241  Field Biology Laboratory
(0-3) 1 hour credit. Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours, or consent of instructor. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 4233 is recommended.
A field-oriented course offering the opportunity for practical experience observing, collecting, and identifying Texas plants and animals.

BIO 4362  Marine Ecology Field Trip
(2-0) 2 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 3003, BIO 3063, and BIO 3413.
Field and laboratory methods employed in marine biology. Samples collected from weekend field trip to the University of Texas Marine Station at Port Aransas will be identified and analyzed for various biologic and physico-chemical parameters.

BIO 4453  Endocrinology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 1413.
Molecular, cellular and physiological effects of hormones in health and disease. Topics include molecular mechanisms of hormone action in reproductive physiology, growth and development as well as defects in hormonal regulation underlying clinically important syndromes (e.g., diabetes, hypertension, osteoporosis and cancer).

BIO 4473  Advanced Clinical Medicine and Pathology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 3013.
Advanced concepts of human disease, diagnosis, and underlying pathology.

BIO 4483  Medical Mycology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 3713 and BIO 3722.
Comprehensive study of causative agents, pathogenesis, and treatment of human fungal diseases.

BIO 4493  Molecular Mycology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 2313 and BIO 2322; BIO 3713 is recommended.
An examination of the basic concepts of fungal biology at the molecular level and the insights into fundamental biological processes derived from their study.

BIO 4523  Intermediary Metabolism
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 3513 and BIO 3522.
A detailed consideration of metabolic pathways and energy metabolism and their regulation.

BIO 4583  The Computational Brain
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 3433.
Principles of cellular neurophysiology and neuroanatomy are used to explore the computational operations performed by neurons and networks of neurons.

BIO 4643  Medicinal Plants
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 2313; BIO 3513 is recommended.
Ethnobotanical, biochemical and pharmacological aspects of some of our most important plant-derived drugs.

BIO 4723  Virology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: BIO 2313; BIO 3513 is recommended.
Introduction to the molecular, genetic, and biological properties of viruses. Course will cover the basic concepts of virus structure, replication, virus/host interactions, pathogenesis, and evolution.

BIO 4743  Immunology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 2313 and BIO 3713. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 4752 is recommended.
A study of the properties of antigens and antibodies and current concepts of humoral and cell-mediated immunity and the cells involved.

BIO 4752  Immunology Laboratory
(0-6) 2 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 3713 and BIO 3722, and completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 4743.
Laboratory applications of principles presented in BIO 4743.

BIO 4763  Parasitology
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1122 and BIO 1413.
A study of the animal parasites of medical and veterinary importance, with emphasis on their epidemiology, life cycles, pathology, and control.

BIO 4813  Brain and Behavior
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisites: BIO 1122 and BIO 1413.
Basic physiological functions of the brain and how they relate to behavior.

BIO 4823  Cognitive Neuroscience
(3-0) 3 hours credit. Prerequisite: Junior or senior status: a minimum of 60 semester credit hours; BIO 3433 (or PSY 3103) is recommended.
The biological foundations of mental phenomena, including perception, attention, learning, memory, language, motor control, and executive function, as well as functional specialization, development and plasticity, through various methodologies.

BIO 4911-3  Independent Study
1 to 3 hours credit. (Hours arranged.) Prerequisite: Permission in writing (form available) from the instructor, an undergraduate advisor in the College of Sciences Undergraduate Advising Center, the Department Chair, and the Dean of the College in which the course is offered.
Independent reading, research, discussion, and/or writing under the direction of a faculty member. May be repeated for credit, but no more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Only 6 semester credit hours of BIO 4911-3, BIO 4923 and BIO 4991-3, in any combination, can be taken as BIO electives. Additional research hours of these courses may be taken as free electives, for a maximum of 12 research hours being applied to the bachelor’s degree.

BIO 4923  Laboratory Research: Biology Concentrations
3 hours credit. Prerequisite: Permission in writing (form available in the Biology Department Office) from the faculty mentor, the student’s advisor, the Department Chair, and the Dean of the College.
Supervised laboratory research mentored by a faculty member engaged in active research within the student’s designated area of concentration. May be repeated for credit, but no more than 6 semester credit hours will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Only 6 semester credit hours of BIO 4911-3, BIO 4923 and BIO 4991-3, in any combination, can be taken as BIO electives. Additional research hours of these courses may be taken as free electives, for a maximum of 12 research hours being applied to the bachelor’s degree.

BIO 4951-3  Special Studies in Biology
(1-0, 2-0, 3-0) 1 to 3 hours credit.
An organized course offering the opportunity for specialized study not normally or not often available as part of the regular course offerings. Special Studies may be repeated for credit when the topics vary, but not more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree.

BIO 4972  MBRS-MARC Symposium
(2-0) 2 hours credit. Prerequisites: Completion of or concurrent enrollment in BIO 1404 and CHE 1103; or consent of instructor.
A course involving presentations at the frontiers of chemistry, biochemistry, biophysics, and biology, including genetics, microbiology, physiology, and other areas. May be repeated for credit, but not more than 6 semester credit hours may be applied to a bachelor’s degree.

BIO 4991-3  Honors Research
1 to 3 hours credit. (Hours arranged.) Enrollment limited to biology majors who are members of the Honors College or who are pursuing College of Sciences Honors, and who are in their last two semesters of study. Approval by the Honors College or College Honors Committee is required.
Supervised research and preparation of an Honors Thesis. May be repeated for credit with approval, but no more than 6 semester credit hours, regardless of discipline, will apply to a bachelor’s degree. Only 6 semester credit hours of BIO 4911-3, BIO 4923 and BIO 4991-3, in any combination, can be taken as BIO electives. Additional research hours of these courses may be taken as free electives, for a maximum of 12 research hours being applied to the bachelor’s degree.


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