Tendency to discount personal responsibility because others are involved. The more people knowledgeable of the situation the less one feels the responsibility to take action.
"I'm sure someone else will do something, I don't need to do anything"
Displacement of responsibility
Tendency to avoid accountability for taking action.
"That's their problem, I'm not responsible"
When someone thinks everyone else accepts a norm and goes along with it.
"It's not a big deal, nobody else thinks it is"
Fear of retaliation
Being afraid of negative consequences for intervening.
"I'm afraid of what will happen to me if I do say something"
Fear of embarrassment
Showing concern for bringing negative attention to oneself or others.
"I'll be embarrassed if I do anything"
Motivations to Intervene
Beaks Up Speak Up incorporates existing evidence of what motivates bystanders to effectively intervene. Group cohesiveness, identification with the individual being targeted, previous interactions between the person and the observers, and high feelings of witness competence all have been found to significantly increase helping behaviors.
Now that we know the obstacles that prevent individuals from intervening, it's important to discuss ways that people can reduce these barriers so that individuals will overcome them and respond in positive way. This can be done by discussing reasons people should act when they recognize potential harmful situations.
Reasons to Intervene
"I know it's wrong and I know others think the same thing"
An individual identifying the potential harm inherently knows the situation is wrong. The individual assumes that others are also thinking the same thing and therefore takes it upon themselves to take action.
"I care about the individual being impacted"
We as bystanders know and care about the individual being affected by the potential harm that's occurring. This individual could be a family member, friend, coworker, classmate, fellow organization member etc.
"I'm afraid of what will happen if I don't do anything."
The person who notices the potential harm is afraid of the outcome that may occur if they don't take any form of action.
"I'll feel better knowing I did something"
The individual would be more at ease themselves if they acted.
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