New UTSA study finds link between incarcerated parents and their children's health
(May 11, 2017) -- Having an incarcerated parent takes a heavy toll on children's sleep and eating patterns and can disrupt healthy development, according to new UTSA co-authored research.
Published in The Journal of Pediatrics, a new study by Dylan B. Jackson, assistant professor of Criminal Justice with The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) College of Public Policy, and his colleague, Michael Vaughn of Saint Louis University, analyzed data from families involved with the nation's criminal justice system.
"Past research has shown that having a parent behind bars can lead to academic difficulties, behavioral problems and illicit drug use in children," said Jackson, a developmental and health criminologist. "The developmental challenges associated with diet and sleep can now also be added to that list of associated risks."
In the sample that Jackson and Vaughn studied, 12 percent of the mothers and 46 percent of the fathers had experienced incarceration prior to taking a survey about their children's sleep and eating behaviors. The researchers paid particular attention to the sleep and eating behaviors of kindergartners due to the developmental sensitivity of young children.
Children of incarcerated parents are more likely to experience both insufficient sleep and poor nutrition, according to Jackson. The diets of children with incarcerated parents tended to consist of more fast food, sweets, soda and salty snacks, relative to children without a parent in prison. The risks for poor nutrition and sleep were similar whether the incarcerated individual was the mother or the father.
"Children are the often-overlooked collateral consequences of incarceration," Jackson said. "We found that the probability of risky sleep and eating behaviors in children with incarcerated parents is double that of children who have had neither parent incarcerated. This is particularly worrisome, as sufficient sleep and proper eating habits are cornerstones of healthy development in children."
Currently, more than 2.3 million adults are incarcerated in the U.S. Approximately one in every 28 American children has a parent in prison, which makes the findings all the more concerning.
Jackson and Vaughn say their findings may be of particular use to service providers who come in contact with children whose families are involved with the criminal justice system, such as educators and pediatricians. The researchers suggest that service providers proactively identify children of incarcerated parents and takes steps to ensure they are afforded regular opportunities to eat a healthy meal (particularly at school) and obtain adequate sleep.
"We hope that our study can lead to fruitful engagement across policy arenas where the lines between criminal justice, social, public and health policy are blurred," Jackson said. "Our study and findings should make it clear that incarceration impacts not only the parent who is under correctional control, but also has profound and widespread effects on the health and well-being of their offspring."
UTSA is ranked among the top 400 universities in the world and among the top 100 in the nation, according to Times Higher Education.
Learn more about the UTSA College of Public Policy.
Organizations participating in the golf cart parade will be creatively decorating their carts in the 2017 UTSA Homecoming theme "Spirit, Tradition, and Pride".University Center Lawn, Main Campus
As he wrote about in his book, Kill It To Save It: An Autopsy of Capitalism's Triumph Over Democracy, Corey Dolgon will speak about what made Donald Trump the preferred choice for many voters and shows how policy is crafted, marketed and sold or rejected.Buena Vista Street Building, Aula Canaria Lecture Hall (BVB 1.328), Downtown Campus
The UTSA African American Studies Program is proud to present Dr. Rupert Evans, a Harvard Macy Scholar and the immediate past President of the Institute for Diversity in Health Management.Main Building (MB 0.208), Main Campus
President Taylor Eighmy is inviting all UTSA faculty and staff to "Tacos With Taylor." Take the opportunity to introduce yourself to the President at any one of these casual meet and greets.Frio Street Building, Food Court Commons Area, Downtown Campus
Celebrate 40 years of BestFest, an annual event hosted by Roadrunner Productions as a part of UTSA Homecoming festivities. The event will feature a carnival, food and drink booths, a golf cart parade, firework and live music from Anthem.Brackenridge Lot 1, Main Campus
Celebrate homecoming as the Roadrunners take on Rice. Come early for the Spirit Walk, tailgating, games, music and food. Stick around for a halftime show with SOSA and the crowning of Mr. and Ms. UTSA.Alamodome, 100 Montana St., Downtown San Antonio
The Leadership Storytelling Homecoming Brunch brings together UTSA alumni and students to share a delicious meal as well as a roundtable conversation about how experiences in college carry us forward on unique leadership journeys.University Center, Denman Room (UC 2.01.28), Main Campus
The conference is dedicated to sharing recent knowledge and experiences gained in the area of Big Data by researchers in academia, industry and the government sectors within the areas of business, national security, infrastructure, healthcare and visualization. The conference fee is $45 and includes breakfast, lunch & parking. Free for students and non-academic government employees. Register here: https://www.regonline.com/UTSAdataconference2017.H-E-B University Center Ballroom (HUC 1.104), Main Campus