The 70th Texas Legislature passed into law the Texas Academic Skills Program (TASP) for all students entering a Texas public institution of higher education beginning fall 1989. TASP was a program designed to ensure that students entering a Texas public institution of higher education have the academic skills necessary to perform effectively in college level work. TASP included a testing component designed to provide information about the mathematics, reading, and writing skills of students. Students who were not proficient in these areas were required to participate in developmental activities.
The 78th Texas Legislature replaced TASP by the Texas Success Initiative (TSI). Under the Texas Success Initiative, Texas public institutions of higher education are required to assess the academic skills of each entering undergraduate student to determine the readiness of the student to enroll in freshman-level course work. For students failing to meet the assessment standards, the institution may refer the student to developmental course work. The Texas Success Initiative is envisioned to be a simpler, more flexible approach to ensuring college readiness than TASP.
The Texas Success Initiative was effective September 1, 2003. However, institutions were given the option by the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board to phase in the program. The University of Texas at San Antonio began implementing TSI beginning with students enrolling for the 2004 Spring Semester.