JULY 14, 2021 — Nature, Power, and Maya Royals, an exhibition of 34 artworks and objects discovered by UTSA researchers in two royal Maya burials at the ancient city of Buenavista del Cayo, Belize, is now on view at the San Antonio Museum of Art (SAMA). This exhibition is the first time the selection of works will appear for public viewing. This exhibition is an exciting collaboration between UTSA, SAMA, and the Belize Institute of Archaeology.
Finely painted ceramic vessels that display kings and symbols of authority, as well as shell pendants, earrings, and bracelets worn by a king, were found in 2014 and 2019 by a team of UTSA archaeologists and led by Lutcher Brown Endowed Professor Kathryn Brown and Jason Yaeger, President’s Endowed Professor of Anthropology at UTSA and senior associate dean of the College of Liberal and Fine Arts.
“The objects in the exhibition are priceless to us and to the government of Belize for what they tell us about the ancient Maya,” Yaeger said. “This show presents a wonderful opportunity to grow connections with institutions across San Antonio and Belize.”
This lid with a monkey-shaped handle dates back to 450 A.D. It was recovered by UTSA archaeologists in a Maya royal tomb in Belize and is being displayed in Nature, Power, and Maya Royals at the San Antonio Museum of Art.
The discovery is particularly extraordinary because looters had previously trenched the building in which one of the royal burials was located, missing it by just a few inches. Finding the site and objects following the looters’ destructive actions is incredibly lucky and makes the discovery particularly special.
“We are delighted to share these beautiful and precious artworks,” said Bernadette Cap, Andrew W. Mellon Curatorial Postdoctoral Fellow at SAMA and curator of the exhibition. “Visitors will also be able to view images taken during our excavation in Belize. The recovery of the objects such as these from known, well-documented locations provide essential information for interpreting similar Maya art held by museums.”
The artworks date between 450 and 800 A.D., a period when Maya kings and queens reigned over large populations and lived in elaborately designed cities. The exhibition highlights how two Maya rulers commissioned artwork that featured commanding iconography to express and legitimate their power. For example, a common theme in rulers’ art was the portrayal of jaguar pelts worn as clothing and used as decorative elements of royal palaces. The Maya admired the jaguar for its strength and skills as an apex predator, and rulers retained exclusive rights over jaguar imagery and products.
One of the most outstanding pieces in the exhibition is a large, elaborately carved pendant made of marine shell. Incised Maya glyphs appear on it and have been deciphered to read, “This is the pendant of Naah Uti’ K’ab, king of Komkom.” The discovery of the pendant confirms that the buried individual is a king. Given the context of recovery, Komkom is likely the original name of the site now called Buenavista del Cayo. Maya texts at nearby sites state that Komkom had been attacked and conquered in the 600s and 700s. The shell pendant dates to around 450, however, and thus provides the earliest reference to the site of Komkom.
Each summer, the UTSA Department of Anthropology brings approximately 10 undergraduates and eight graduate students to Belize to gain valuable, first-hand experience in archaeological research and collect information for their theses and dissertations.
Nature, Power, and Maya Royals: Recent Discoveries from the Site of Buenavista del Cayo, Belize will be on view through February 27, 2022. It was organized by the San Antonio Museum of Art in collaboration with the Belize National Institute of Culture and History’s Institute of Archaeology and scholars in the UTSA Department of Anthropology. It is supported by the Gloria Galt Endowment Fund, Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, and UTSA Maya Archaeology Excellence Endowment. The UTSA excavations that recovered the objects were conducted with the permission of the Belize Institute of Archaeology and funding from the Alphawood Foundation and Termini Endowment for Maya Archaeology.
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