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Do not use to reference people. Use terms such as undocumented immigrant or, if he or she has a job, undocumented worker.

inclusive writing

Avoid English words and usage that reinforce sexist stereotypes. Do not use he as an all-inclusive pronoun; he or she may be used, or change the subject to the plural so that they becomes the appropriate pronoun, revise the sentence to eliminate the pronoun altogether, or repeat the noun or use a synonym for it.

In referring to humanity as a whole, avoid the use of man or mankind; instead, use human beings, humanity, women and men, people or individuals. Similarly, replace man-made with artificial, handmade, machine-made, manufactured, constructed or produced, as appropriate.

Avoid terms that assume that the male is the standard and the female is an adjunct of that standard; for example, use author for both female and male writers, and eliminate the use of coed.


See American Indian/Native American.

Institute of Texan Cultures

Use UTSA Institute of Texan Cultures on first reference. ITC or the institute may be used on subsequent references. It is located at the UTSA Hemisfair Campus.


Always capitalized.

Internet addresses

The http:// and www. may be left off the spelling of Internet addresses, or URLs. Always check URLs before publishing them to ensure they are correct and active.

If an Internet address falls at the end of a sentence, use a period. Keep Internet addresses on one line when possible; however, those that break over more than one line should be broken after a slash or before a period, without inserting a hyphen. Hyphenate only when an address breaks in the middle of a long word. A URL shortener, such as bitly, are recommended for long addresses. Visit

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